Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Reza Qoreishi Langrudi

About

Age: 40
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: August 31, 1988
Location: Gohardasht Prison, Karaj, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech; Apostasy

About this Case

The information about Mr. Reza Qoreishi Langrudi was taken from an interview with a family friend. Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi was a victim of the mass killings of political prisoners in 1988. The majority of the executed prisoners were members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization. Other victims included members or sympathizers of Marxist-Leninist organizations, such as the Fadaiyan Khalq (Minority) and the Peykar Organization, which opposed the Islamic Republic, as well as the Tudeh Party and the Fadaiyan Khalq (Majority), which did not. Information about the mass executions has been gathered by the Boroumand Foundation from the memoir of Ayatollah Montazeri, reports by human rights organizations, interviews with victims’ families, and witnesses’ memoirs.

Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi, son of Mirnaqi, was born in 1948 in Shahsavar (also known as Tonekabon in Mazandaran province). He was married and had a daughter.

Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi was a prominent leftist political activist. Due to his activities he was imprisoned under the Shah’s regime. In prison, he was seen as an important figure that resisted the demands of prison authorities and fellow prisoners loved and respected him. His wife, sister, and brother-in-law were also imprisoned in the 1980s. His brother-in-law, Mansur Musavi, was executed in the summer of 1988. Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi was one of founders and leaders of the Razmandegan Organization.

The Razmandegan Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded in the winter of 1979. Its activities were focused on the working class and factories. The founding tenets of Razmandegan included the rejection of armed struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. It viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state and believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles. Razmandegan was among the groups that became known as Khat-e Se (Third line). By early 1981, disagreements on the Party’s position on the Iran-Iraq war caused internal splits in Razmandegan. These splits, which coincided with the massive and brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government, caused the Organization to disband.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi was arrested in Tehran 1983. No further information is available about his arrest and detention.

Trial

Specific details about the circumstances of the trials that led to the execution of Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi and thousands of other individuals in 1988 are not known. According to existing information, there was no official trial with attorneys or prosecutors. Those who were executed in 1988 were sent to a three-man committee consisting of a religious judge, a representative from the Intelligence Ministry, and a Public Prosecutor of Tehran. This committee asked the leftist prisoners some questions about their beliefs and whether or not they believed in God.

The relatives of political prisoners executed in 1988 refute the legality of the judicial process that resulted in thousands of executions throughout Iran. In their 1988 open letter to Minister of Justice at the time, Dr. Habibi, they argue that the official secrecy surrounding these executions is proof of their illegality. They note that an overwhelming majority of these prisoners had been tried and sentenced to prison terms, which they were either serving or had already completed when they were retried and sentenced to death.

Charges

No charge has been publicly stated against the victims of the 1988 mass executions. In their letters to the Minister of Justice in 1988, and to the UN Special Rapporteur visiting Iran in February 2003, the families of the victims refer to the authorities’ accusations against the prisoners – accusations that may have led to their execution. These accusations include being “counter-revolutionary, anti-religion, and anti-Islam,” as well as being “associated with military action or with various [opposition] groups based near the borders.”

An edict of the Leader of the Islamic Republic, Ayatollah Khomeini, reproduced in the memoirs of Ayatollah Montazeri, his designated successor, corroborates the reported claims regarding the charges against the executed prisoners. In this edict, Ayatollah Khomeini refers to members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization as “hypocrites” who do not believe in Islam and “wage war against God” and decrees that prisoners who still approve of the positions taken by this organization are also “waging war against God” and should be sentenced to death.

Defendants, who did not belong to the Mojahedin Khalq Organization, may have been accused of being “anti-religion” for not having renounced his or her beliefs.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi’s defense. In their open letter, the families of the prisoners noted that defendants were not given the opportunity to defend themselves in court. The same letter, rebutting the accusation that these prisoners (from inside the prison) had collaborated with armed members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization in clashes with armed forces of the Islamic Republic, states that such claims “are false considering the circumstances in prisons; for our children faced the most difficult conditions [in prison, with] visitation rights of once every 15 days, each visitation lasting ten minutes through a telephone from behind the glass window, and were deprived of any connection with the outside world. We faced such conditions for seven years, which proves the truth of our claim.”

Judgment

Based on his cellmates’ reports, Mr. Qoreishi Langrudi was hanged in Gohardasht prison on August 31, 1988. He is most likely buried in mass graves of Khavaran cemetery.

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