Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Morteza Sharafi


Age: 31
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: November 23, 1982
Location of Killing: Central Prison (Adelabad), Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: War on God; Acting against state's security

About this Case

He dreamed of adding an element to the periodic table.

Information about Mr. Morteza Sharafi, son of Mohammad, is based on an electronic form sent to Omid by a person familiar with his case. According to this information, he was born in Tehran in 1952. He was married and worked at the Dashte-Varamin power plant as a manager. 

Mr. Sharafi liked scientific experiments since his high school years, when he set up a small lab at his house and published a scientific magazine for his classmates. He dreamed of adding an element to the periodic table. In 1969, he was accepted at Tehran University as a physics major and published a preparation book for a college entry exam. He took this exam the next year and was accepted at Tehran Polytechnic University in an electrical engineering major, from which he graduated. He also had an engineering degree in irrigation from Ahvaz University. He was the first in his extended family to acquire a higher education degree and helped others to do the same. He was a sympathizer of the Peykar Organization.

Mr. Morteza Sharafi is one of the 559 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class,” published on the website of Andisheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. He is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No. 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “social imperialist” state, believing that China had deviated from Marxist-Leninist principles and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the [Peykar] Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

According to the information sent to Omid, Mr. Morteza Sharafi was arrested at his residence in Shiraz in April of 1982. Agents charged him as “anti-revolutionary” and “Mohareb [fighter against God],” when arrested and transferred to Adelabad Prison in Shiraz. He had no contact with his family during the first two months after his arrest. He was also denied access to an attorney. Later, he had bi-weekly visitations, with his family behind a glass window for 15 minutes. He was once allowed to have a direct visitation with his family members in the presence of guards. According to the electronic form, Mr. Sharafi was tortured to confess. With the promise of no execution, his interrogators pressured him to do a televised interview.       


The trial of Mr. Morteza Sharafi took place at the Revolutionary Guards location in Shiraz in April of 1982 and lasted half an hour. There was no witness present at the trial.


According to the information sent to Omid, the charges brought against Mr. Morteza Sharafi in the indictment were “Mohareb [fighter against God] and disturbing national security.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.   

Evidence of guilt

According to the information sent to Omid, authorities did not provide any evidence against Mr. Morteza Sharafi.  


No information is available about Mr. Morteza Sharafi’s defense.   


Mr. Morteza Sharafi was hanged at Adelabad Prison in Shiraz on November 23, 1982, at dawn. According to the form sender, authorities had informed Mr. Sharafi about the ruling and the date of his execution on the day of his trial. However, he informed his family during his last visitation, a week before his execution, to reduce their anxiety.        


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