Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hushang Nasir Khaledi

About

Age: 30
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: February 3, 1982
Location: Sanandaj, Kordestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Participating in clashes with revolutionary guards and or Bassij brothers; Bombing; Attempt to assassinate or assassination of state dignitaries; Armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic

About this Case

Mr. Nasir Khaledi taught school in several cities, Melayer to Esfahan, encouraging young readers along his way.  His wedding, planned for September, would be in Sanandaj.  

Information about Mr. Hushang Nasir Khaledi, son of Nosratollah, was drawn from an interview with a relative. His execution, along with eight others, was reported in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on February 7, 1982.

Mr. Nasir Khaledi was born in August 1951 in Qorveh, in the western province of Kordestan. At the age of 16, after finishing the ninth grade, he went to the city of Kermanshah (located in the western province of Kermanshah) to continue his education at a technical high school. In 1969, he fulfilled the compulsory public service requirement, known as the Sepah-e Danesh (an alternative to the national draft), for two years. Having completed the two-year service, he started teaching at a technical school in Malayer (in the province of Hamedan) during the regular academic year. At the same time, he studied in Tehran during the summers. He earned his master’s degree from the Behbehani School in Tehran before the 1979 Revolution. At the time of the Revolution, he taught in Esfahan.

Mr. Nasir Khaledi was first arrested in the summer of 1979 for being outside of the house during a curfew. He was released on bail shortly after. He told his relative of the hasty, arbitrary, and unfair trials which led to the execution of several men who were arrested at the same time. In 1981, he moved from Esfahan to Sanandaj.

The interviewee remembers Mr. Nasir Khaledi was an “independent” person, who was “kind, loyal, compassionate, and patient.” He was not influenced by the patriarchal nature of the culture at the time, and treated every one well. He encouraged others to read, study well, and enroll in university. He loved to teach and “enjoyed being a role model.” He was engaged and planned to marry his fiancée in September of 1981.

Based on the information available, Mr. Nasir Khaledi was a sympathizer of the Fadaiyan Khalq Organization, the Majority Branch. His younger brother, Bijan, was also executed in 1982.

The Fadaiyan Khalq Organization, a Marxist Leninist group, inspired by the Cuban Revolution and the urban guerilla movements of Latin America, was founded in 1971 by two communist groups opposed to the Pahlavi regime. After the 1979 Revolution, the organization, which renounced armed struggle, split over their support of the Islamic Republic and of the Soviet Union. The Fadaiyan Khalq Majority supported and considered the Islamic Republic as a revolutionary and anti-imperialist regime. After the spring of 1983, however, the Islamic Republic targeted its members solely because of their political beliefs.

Arrest and detention

One night in mid-June 1981, the Revolutionary Guards raided the Nasir Khaledis’ house. The interviewee says arrest without a warrant was “the norm” at the time. The guards searched the house and arrested Mr. Nasir Khaledi. They did not inform the family of his whereabouts after his arrest. It was only after a lot of persistence that his family found out that he was detained at the former headquarters of SAVAK (the National Intelligence and Security Organization of the Shah’s regime). They were eventually allowed to have visits with him in prison. However, they could not speak freely since the visits took place under surveillance.

Based on the available information, Mr. Nasir Khaledi was kept in a dirty room. He was tortured; the prison officials hit him so much that he lost his hearing in one ear. He was constantly called in for interrogation. He and his brother Bijan were detained in the same building.

Trial

The Jomhuri Eslami newspaper reported that Mr. Nasir Khaledi was tried at the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Kordestan. However, the family was unaware of any trial.

Charges

Jomhuri Eslami reported that Mr. Nasir Khaledi and eight others were collectively charged with, “armed insurrection against the Islamic Republic, participation in clashes in Sanandaj, participation in the central committees of the Hypocrites’ militia [referring to the Mojahedin Khalq Organization], the assassination of Muslims, bombing, and destroying public places.” The report did not mention any charge brought against Mr. Nasir Khaledi personally.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the defendant.                                     

Defense

No information is available concerning Mr. Nasir Khaledi’s defense. The interviewee states that the charges were completely false. Mr. Nasir Khaledi was not affiliated with the Mojahedin Khalq Organization. According to the interviewee, “I am sure that he did not have any armed activity. His personality and thinking were against armed action. He had no link to any armed group.”

Judgment

According to Jomhuri Eslami, the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of Kordestan called Mr. Nasir Khaledi and eight other men “enemies of God and His Prophet,” and condemned them to death.

According to the interviewee, on February 3, 1982, prison officials called Mr. Nasir Khaledi at midnight. He sensed that he might not return to the cell. He shaved and put on his clean clothes. He gave his watch to a cellmate. Prison officials took him out of the cell. He was hanged the same night.

After a few days, his family found out that some prisoners were executed and were buried at the Qorveh cemetery , a few hours away from Sanandaj. They could not visit the cemetery freely. Armed men prevented families of executed individuals from going to the cemetery. A few nights after the execution, Mr. Hushang Nasir Khaledi’s family members secretly visited the cemetery and found a mass grave. They exhumed the bodies and identified him. They buried the bodies in individual graves. According to information available, some bodies were not identified. The guards of the cemetery prevented the Nasir Khaledis from placing a grave stone for him. A few years later, the cemetery guards broke the cement that the family members had placed on the grave.

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