Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Seyed Esma'il Zendeh


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: July 23, 2000
Location of Killing: Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Seyed Esma’il Zendeh, along with two others, was published on the website of Iran Mania on July 24, 2000, quoting the Khorasan newspaper. His case and the case of his wife, Aida Shafi’i, was related to the murder of a couple by gunshots in 1997.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of Mr. Zendeh’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on Mr. Zendeh’s trial.


The charge brought against Mr. Zendeh and his wife was announced as “murder.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The evidence presented against Mr. Zendeh was his “confession during the police interrogation in Tehran.”

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.


No information is available on Mr. Zendeh’s defense.


Mr. Seyed Esma’il Zendeh was hanged, along with two others, at a prison in Tehran on July 23, 2000. 

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