Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Farshid Fariqi

About

Age: 21
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown

Case

Date of Killing: July 26, 2005
Location of Killing: Central Prison (Tohid), Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Robbery; Murder; Addiction
Age at time of offense: 15

About this Case

The news of the execution of Mr. Farshid Fariqi was published in the web editions of the Iran and the Hamshahri newspapers on August 18, 2005, and IRNA on July 26, 2005. According to the Iran newspaper, the defendant was 21 years old when executed. Based on the information available in IRNA, the murders took place between 1998 and 2000. Therefore, the defendant was between 14 to 16 years old when the crimes took place.

Mr. Farshid Fariqi is also on a list that Amnesty International published of people under18 years of age who were executed in the Islamic Republic. Amnesty International repeatedly asked the judiciary officials in Iran to stop executing under-age offenders and to match Iranian laws with international laws for Human Rights. Iran has signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Arrest and detention

The Iran newspaper described the circumstance of the defendant’s arrest as follows: “The defendant named Farshid Fariqi with the pseudonym of Dariush Noruzi known as Salavati identified taxi drivers and established relationships with them in order to murder them and steal their valuables. After the murders, he stole their cars and escaped. After discovering the victims’ bodies, the Head of the Hormozgan Province Court House ordered the security forces to investigate and arrest the perpetrators of these murders. Finally, the security forces were able to arrest the defendant.” There is no date of arrest in this report.

Trial

No information is available on the defendant’s trial.

Charges

According to the Iran newspaper, the charges against Mr. Farshid Fariqi are “assaulting and murdering Hojatollah Nazari and throwing him into a well, stabbing and murdering Abdi Zahedi, Reza Balideh, Ali Purhossain, and Akbar Dashtban, committing other robberies and using drugs.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic’s authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Each year, Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant except what he confessed. According to the Iran newspaper, “Farshid Fariqi confessed during interrogation stating, “I got in as a passenger and talked to the drivers in order to attract their trust. Then, I stabbed and killed them, and stole their valuables.” After the confession, the murderer recreated the crime scenes with details and described the stolen car models, the murder weapon, and the murders.”

International human rights organizations have repeatedly condemned the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for its systematic use of severe torture and solitary confinement to obtain confessions from detainees and have questioned the authenticity of confessions obtained under duress.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Farshid Fariqi's defense.

A Summary of the Defects of Mr. Farshid Fariqi’s Legal Proceedings

No precise information is available about the proceedings in Farshid Fariqi’s case. However, based on the reports from domestic newspapers, he was sentenced to Qesas five times for having committed five intentional murders. According to an Iran Newspaper report, the defendant was 21 years old at the time of the implementation of his sentence in 2005-06. According to IRNA News Agency, the murders were committed between 1998 and 2000-01. This information indicates that the defendant was between 14 and 16 years old at the time of commission of the crime. It can therefore be said that some of these murders were committed when the murderer had not reached the age of majority and criminal responsibility, that is, 15 years. Pursuant to Iranian law, the age of majority is the age of criminal responsibility, which is 15 years for boys. If a male individual commits a crime when he is under the age of 15, he has no criminal responsibility and he may simply be sentenced to correctional punishments. In this case, however, Farshid Fariqi was sentenced to Qesas even for murders he committed when he was under 15 years of age. It was necessary for the court to conduct the necessary analysis and determine the precise time of each murder, which was apparently not done. 

Judgment

According to the Iran newspaper, the judge of Homicide Branch of the Bandar-e Abbas Court House issued the execution judgment and the Supreme Court confirmed it. Mr. Farshid Fariqi was condemned to Qisas (death sentence) on five accounts, an execution by hanging, two years imprisonment, and 74 lashes. He was executed in the yard of the Bandar-e Abbas central prison on July 26, 2005.

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