Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Esmail Espahram


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Presumed Muslim
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: October 15, 1979
Location of Killing: Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting

About this Case

The execution of Major General Esmail Espahram was reported in the Kayhan and Enqelab Eslami dailies (October 15, 1979).

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of Maj. Gen. Espahram’s arrest and detention are not known.


According to the Enqelab Eslami report, the defendant’s trial at the First Branch of the Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal of the Center lasted two and a half hours.


Based on the Enqelab Eslami report, Maj. Gen. Espahram was charged with “mobilizing stick-wielding hooligans, suppressing the revolutionary combatants and handing them over to the SAVAK [Shah's political police], and participation in the murder of the revolutionaries, particularly 2 of the combatants of Zahedan." Other charges against the defendant were “bribery, blackmailing the region’s drug dealers, and illegal withdrawal from the Public Treasury [Beit al-Mal].”

The number or identity of the mentioned revolutionaries and combatants was not clear in the report.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against the accused.


The Enqelab Eslami daily correspondent mentioned that no substantial defense was presented by the defendant at his trial in Tehran.


Based on the reports, Maj. Gen. Esparham, who had already been tried and convicted by the religious judge in Sistan and Baluchestan, was retried in Tehran at his own request. After reconfirmation, the death sentence was carried out at dawn shortly after its issuance.

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