Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Bahman Riahi (Sabri)

About

Age: 44
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: January 26, 1987
Location of Killing: Central Prison (Adelabad), Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Membership of anti-regime guerilla group; Anti-revolutionary offense
Age at time of offense: 42

About this Case

was severely tortured while he was in custody. According to one of his relatives, some joints of his finger were cut off and there were severe burn marks on his back.

Information about the execution of Mr. Bahman Riahi (Sabri), son of Khadijeh and Habib’ollah, was obtained through an electronic form sent by a relative of Mr. Riahi on January 19, 2018, as well as Abdorrahman Boroumand Center’s interview with one of his relatives on January 31, 2018. Additional information in this regard is taken from the book "Siavoshan, Remembrance of the Victims of the Ranjbaran Party of Iran" by Bagher Mortazavi.

Mr. Bahman Riahi was born in 1942-43 in a village near the city of Shahr-e Kord in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. His mother’s family was from the Qashqai tribe and his father’s side were Lors. Due to his family's respect for his maternal grandfather, his mother's last name, Riahi, was chosen for him instead of his father's last name (Sabri). Close relatives of Mr. Riahi describe him as a friendly, calm, and polite man who always smiled (ABC interview and the Siavoshan book).

In the early 1960s, Mr. Riahi was a student at the University of Tehran medical school. He was expelled from university due to his political activities during that time and he fled Iran subsequently. After some time, he obtained a master’s degree in physics in Italy. During that time he joined the International Confederation of Iranian Students (National Union)*, and the Revolutionary Organization** of the Tudeh Party of Iran*** (Siavoshan book).

Mr. Riahi returned to Iran shortly after the 1979 revolution and continued his political activities in Iran through membership in the Ranjbaran Party (ABC interview and the electronic form). According to available information, Mr. Riahi played a major role in forming the Ranjbaran Armed Group in Qashqai district in Fars province. Mr. Riahi lived underground for two years following 1981 (Siavoshan book).

According to a relative of Mr. Riahi, he got married after returning Iran. However, at the time he was living underground, his wife demanded a divorce and got separated (ABC interview).

Arrest and detention

In 1983-84, Mr. Riahi was identified and arrested by Revolutionary Guard officers in Esfahan. There is no information available on the details of his arrest and detention. According to available information, between 1983 and 1987 Mr. Riahi was detained in several different cities, including Shahr-e Kord Prison, Dastgerd Prison in Isfahan, and Adel Abad Prison in Shiraz. Mr. Riahi was able to meet with his family during this period (Boroumand Interview and the Siavoshan Book). According to one of his relatives, Mr. Riahi was tortured while he was in custody (Boroumand Interview).

Trial

According to available information, Mr. Riahi did not have access to an attorney in his court session(s) (Boroumand Interview). No additional information is available on Mr. Riahi’s trial.

Charges

The charge brought against Mr. Riahi was “association with Ranjbaran Party” (Boroumand Interview). There is no information available on details of this charge.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Riahi.

Defense

No information is available on Mr. Riahi’s defense.

Despite the fact that the execution order for Mr. Riahi was issued, the authorities informed his family that he was supposed to be released from prison.

Judgment

There is no information on the verdict leading to the execution of Mr. Riahi.

According to available information, despite the fact that the execution order for Mr. Riahi was issued, the authorities informed his family that he was supposed to be released from prison. When Mr. Riahi's sister and brother travelled from Shahr-e Kord to Adel Abad prison in Shiraz in order to pick up Mr. Riahi, they were informed that Mr. Riahi's death sentence had been issued and that it would be their last visit.

A few days after the last visit, on January 26, 1987, Mr. Bahman Riahi was hanged in Adel Abad prison in Shiraz.

Mr. Riahi's body was handed over to his family one day after the execution and was buried in his family’s hometown. According to one of Mr. Riahi's relatives, while washing the body for the burial, signs of torture on Mr. Riahi's body were clearly visible: some joints of his finger were cut off and there were severe burn marks on his back. Mr. Riahi's family was not allowed to hold the ceremony in the mosque (Boroumand Interview).

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The International Confederation of Iranian Students (National Union) was formed in 1960 by the unification of Iranian students’ organizations outside Iran (in countries such as France, England, Germany, and the United States). Contrary to its founding objectives, in the years prior the 1979 revolution, many members of the organization were opposed to the Pahlavi regime.
** The Tudeh Party of Iran (Hezbe Tudeh or the Party of the Masses) was founded in 1941 by a group of mostly communist intellectuals. Its non-radical reformist platform and its name reflected the founders’ hopes to attract the larger religious population. However, the Party's Marxist-Leninist orientation and its anti-Imperialist and anti-Fascist positions made it most influential among intellectuals and educated Iranians. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, The Tudeh, with its country-wide organization, including active women, youth, and labor groups, as well as a secret military network (Sazman-e Nezami-ye Hezb-e Tudeh Iran), played a major role in Iran’s political scene.
The Tudeh was banned following an attempted assassination against the Shah in 1949. Nonetheless, the Party continued its activities as well as its publications, of which there would be many. Following the 19 August 1953 coup, the Tudeh’s military network was annihilated and many of its leaders arrested or forced into exile, mostly in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Over the years, the Party’s political influence diminished, due to the various splits resulting from its pro-Soviet stand and policies in periods of political tension in Iran and from the radicalization of the left in the 1960s and 1970s.
After the 1979 Revolution, the Tudeh declared Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic Republic regime revolutionaries and anti-imperialists and actively supported and collaborated with the government. Though the Party never opposed the Islamic Republic, it became the target of its attacks in 1982, and the Party's leaders and many members, including those of the new secret military network, were arrested.
The Tudeh lost scores of its members during the mass prison killing of 1988. Following several splits, the Party resumed its activities in the early 1990s in exile.
***  The Revolutionary Organization of the Tudeh Party of Iran was a faction which split from the Tudeh Party of Iran, formed by young members of the Tudeh Party from Western Europe. After the 1979 revolution, the organization changed its name to the Ranjbaran Party of Iran and published the Ranjbar publication.

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