Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mohammad Golabi


Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: March 2, 2003
Location of Killing: Saqqez, Kordestan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Membership of anti-regime guerilla group

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Mohammad Golabi was published by the Representation of Komala Abroad on the website of Mihan on March 4, 2003 and on the website of the Association of Iranian Political Prisoners (in Exile) on March 3, 2003. Mr. Golabi was from the Kanizarin Village near Saqez in Kurdistan. He was a member of the Komala organization.

In the mid 1960’s, several remaining members of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran established the Revolutionary Organization of this party in Iraq. Among its leaders were Esma’il Sharifzadeh, Abdollah Mo’ini, and Mola’avareh, who began an armed guerrilla struggle in Kurdistan inspired by the Cuban Revolution. The group was defeated in 1969 and several of its members arrested. The Revolutionary Organization of Working People in Kurdistan (Komala) was established upon the release of a number of the leaders in 1978. After the revolution, in accordance with Marxist theory, Komala opposed capitalists and landlords, and encouraged workers and peasants in Kurdistan, in particular in the city of Sanandaj and vicinity where they had strong support, to initiate an armed uprising against capitalists, landlords and the central government. In 1982, Komala joined another Marxist group, Sahand, an organization concentrating mainly on theory and ideology, and established the Communist Party of Iran. Komala subsequently adopted the name “The Kurdistan Organization of the Communist Party of Iran, Komala.” By the mid-1980s, the central government had succeeded in pushing Komala fighters out of Kurdistan and into Northern Iraq. Years later, Komala split from the Communist Party of Iran and faced several schisms, each continuing to use the name Komala.  

Arrest and detention

According to the Representation of Komala Abroad, Mr. Golabi was arrested by security forces while injured in the leg on July 26, 1999. He was detained in solitary confinement for six months. According to this report, he was tortured physically and psychologically during his detention and because of non-treatment of his injury, his leg became paralyzed. The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on Mr. Golabi’s trial.


According to the existing information, the charge brought against Mr. Golabi was announced as “his activity with Komala” (Association of Iranian Political Prisoners in Exile). No detailed information is available on his charges.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial. International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that the Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges, including drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences, against their opponents (including political, civil society activists, as well as unionists and ethnic and religious minorities). Each year Iranian authorities sentence to death hundreds of alleged common criminals, following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. The exact number of people convicted and executed based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution did not provide any specific information on the evidence presented against Mr. Golabi.


No information is available on Mr. Golabi’s defense.


A court condemned Mr. Mohammad Golabi to death. He was hanged in the Saqez Central Prison on March 2, 2003 in the morning. No specific information is available about this execution.   

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