Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Siamand Mirza


Age: 33
Nationality: Iraq
Religion: Islam (Sunni)
Civil Status: Married


Date of Killing: October 10, 2010
Location of Killing: Zanjan, Zanjan Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Hanging
Charges: Murder

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Siamand Mirza, along with his brother and two others, was published on the websites of the Zanjan Provincial Courthouse and Fars news agency on October 10, 2010. Additional information was taken from an interview by the Abdorrahman Bouroumand Foundation with Ms. Zeinab Bayazidi, * a women’s rights activist who was imprisoned at the Zanjan Prison at the same time. (ABF interview)

Mr. Mirza, a Sunni Kurd from Iraq, was married with a son. He had a middle-school education and was a simple worker. He had migrated from Iraq to Iran during Saddam’s regime. He was well known as a generous and selfless person among the prisoners. During a prison search, he took the responsibility for some recovered narcotics, belonging to another prisoner, in order to save that person's visitation and phone call rights. (ABF interview)

Mr. Mirza was wanted for his previous record related to narcotics, and planned to leave Iran and return to Kurdistan in Iraq. (ABF interview)  

Arrest and detention

Mr. Mirza was arrested in the judicial district of the Zanjan province in 2003. The circumstances of his arrest and detention are not known. He was detained at the Zanjan Central Prison until his execution. His wife, also a defendant of the same case, was detained in the Women's Section of the same prison. (ABF interview)


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Zanjan tried Mr. Mirza. No information is available on his trial. According to his wife, this case had 70 defendants. (ABF interview)


The charges brought against Mr. Mirza were announced as “dealing and smuggling narcotics and weapons.” (the website of Zanjan Provincial Courthouse) According to the ABF interview, Mr. Mirza and his brother, Qahreman, had been additionally charged with a shooting that resulted in the murder of an arresting officer during a chase. The murder charge was read when the sentence was carried out. (ABF interview)       

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.  International human rights organizations have drawn attention to reports indicating that Islamic Republic authorities have brought trumped-up charges against their political opponents and executed them for alleged drug trafficking, sexual, and other criminal offences. Thousands of alleged drug traffickers have been sentenced to death following judicial processes that fail to meet international standards. Scores of them were executed based on a 1989 law imposing mandatory death sentences on drug traffickers found in possession of specified amounts of proscribed narcotics (5 kg of hashish or opium, and more than 30 grams of heroin, codeine or methadone). The exact number of people convicted based on trumped-up charges is unknown.

Evidence of guilt

According to the Zanjan Provincial Courthouse, the evidence presented against Mr. Mirza was “dealing 3 kilograms and 450 grams of heroin and possessing a combat weapon.” Additionally, the courthouse emphasized that some of the four defendants had records related to narcotics. (the website of Zanjan Provincial Courthouse) According to the ABF interview, Mr. Mirza’s confession was among the evidence presented in the court. He took the responsibility of narcotics in order to save his wife and other defendants of this case.  (ABF interview)


According to the ABF interview with Ms. Bayazidi, Mr. Mirza and his brother rejected the charge of shooting to death an arresting officer. They claimed that the mentioned officer had been killed during a traffic accident two months after their arrest. No other information is available on Mr. Mirza’s defense.


The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Zanjan condemned Mr. Siamand Mirza to death and the General Public Prosecutor confirmed the ruling (the website of Zanjan Provincial Courthouse).  He was hanged, along with three others, including his brother, Qahreman Mirza, without the presence of his attorney or his family at the Zanjan Central Prison yard on October 10, 2010 at dawn. According to the existing information, before his execution, Mr. Mirza requested to visit his baby, who was with his mother in the prison, but was denied this last visitation. (ABF interview)

His family was informed after Mr. Mirza’s execution. According to the family, when his father went to Zanjan to know the fate of his sons, he died due to the shock of the bad news. (ABF interview)


*On July 9, 2008, Ms. Zeinab Bayazidi, a Kurdish women’s rights activist, was condemned to four years imprisonment in addition to six months imprisonment in Maragheh for “propaganda against the regime, membership in the Mothers' Reconciliation Association in Mahabad, and having connections with the Kurdish parties.” She was released after completing her sentence on November 20, 2012.

Correct/ Complete This Entry