Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Babak Ghadiri

About

Age: 26
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Married

Case

Date of Killing: October 10, 1984
Location of Killing: Karaj, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Extrajudicial Shooting
Charges: Unspecified counter-revolutionary offense
Age at time of offense: 26

About this Case

Mr. Ghadiri was only 26 years old. He became a political activist hoping to improve his society; however, he was shot and killed by arresting agents without having a chance to be tried and defend himself. 

Information about Mr. Babak Ghadiri, son of Sajad, has been drawn from two interviews with his relatives. Additional information has been sent to Omid via an electronic form by a person familiar with this case. He is one of hundreds of individuals who were extra-judicially executed since the 1979 revolution.

Mr. Ghadiri was born in Tehan in 1958 and studied at the Iranian Banking Institute, majoring in business. He was married with one son. He started his political activism against the monarchy when he was a commerce student and soon became interested in the labor movement. He liked to hike in the mountains and was a members of the Hikers’ Society. He was also a founding member of the Razmandegan Organization. According to his relatives, he was kind, creative, and supportive to others.

The Razmandegan Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded in the winter of 1979. Its activities were focused on the working class and factories. The founding tenets of Razmandegan included the rejection of armed struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. It viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state and believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles. Razmandegan was among the groups that became known as Khat-e Se (Third line). By early 1981, disagreements over the Party’s position on the Iran-Iraq war caused internal splits in Razmandegan. These splits, which coincided with the massive and brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government, caused the organization to disband.

Arrest and detention

According to the interviewees, on October 10, 1984, when the government agents ambushed Mr. Ghadiri’s house to arrest him, he attempted to escape from the yard. However, the agents shot him. He fell into the empty pool and died quickly. He was not carrying any arms at the time of his attempted escape. His wife and 5-year-old son witnessed this incident. Agents arrested them. Mr. Ghadiri’s son was released after a few days, but his wife was detained for six months.

According to a relative of Mr. Ghadiri, a political activist couple who commuted to their house, had been arrested and revealed their location under torture.

Trial

Mr. Ghadiri was not summoned before a court, and no public trial was held in this case.

Charges

No specific charges were legally brought against Mr. Ghadiri.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against Mr. Ghadiri.

Defense

Mr. Ghadiri was not given the opportunity to defend himself in a court of law before being killed.

Judgment

No information is available about a ruling leading to Mr. Babak Ghadiri’s death. According to his relatives, the family was not allowed to have any mourning ceremony. They were only informed of his burial location at the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran after a year. 

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