Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ali Reza Shokuhi


Age: 33
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: January 1, 1984
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Unknown charge

About this Case

He studied chemical engineering and started the Red Star Group (Setareh) with other Pahlavi opponents. Co-initiated Rah-e Kargar. A herald of Lorestan Province.

The information about Mr. Ali Reza Shokuhi, born in Aligudarz (Lorestan province) has been drawn from an interview with a relative, who was imprisoned in the Islamic Republic of Iran, as well as from the book Our Martyrs for Freedom and Socialism by Rah-e Kargar Publications. This execution was also reported in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No. 261), published by Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) in 1985. The list includes 12,028 individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

Having graduated from high school in Borujerd (Lorestan province), Mr. Shokuhi studied chemical engineering for three years at the university of technology in Tehran. In 1970, he established the Setareh Sorkh (Red Star) group along with some of his comrades to fight the previous regime. He was arrested in 1971 and condemned to death, although later his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. In January, 1979, he was released from the prison and took on an active role in the establishment of the Revolutionary Workers Organization of Iran, Rah-e Kargar. He was the first secretary-general of this organization.

“Rah-e Kargar” or the “Revolutionary Workers Organization of Iran” was established in the summer of 1979. The Organization was founded by individuals from various leftist groups who rejected the idea of armed struggle and believed in political action. They called themselves Marxist-Leninists, promoting a socialist revolution and the leadership of the proletariat. They differed with the pro-Soviet communist party, Tudeh Party, in that they opposed the Islamic Republic and Ayatollah Khomeini’s leadership.

Arrest and detention

Mr. Ali Reza Shokuhi was arrested on June 28, 1983 in the house of one of the members of the central committee of the Rah-e Kargar Organization. According to the interviewee, the authorities did not have an arrest warrant and told the neighbors they were looking for drug smugglers. The interviewee stated: “Early in the morning, the authorities raided the house of his comrade, Dr. Gholam [Hossein] Ebrahimzadeh, who tried to escape from the roof but was shot down and killed by the Revolutionary Guardsmen. Ali Reza was arrested and taken to the Joint Committee (also known as Tohid Prison, which is the Ebrat Museum, today) and later transferred to Evin prison. According to the above-mentioned book, during the 6 months of detention, Mr. Shokuhi was severely tortured. The interviewee stated that a former prisoner, who was Mr. Shokuhi’s cellmate for a few days, had said that Mr. Shokuhi’s feet were wounded, as a result of torture, and, due to being suspended in the air for too long, his right shoulder blade was so painful that he could not move his shoulder. During this time, Mr. Shokuhi was denied visits with his family, access to his file, and having an attorney.


There is no information regarding this trial.


The charges brought against the defendant are not known.

Evidence of guilt

No information is available concerning the evidence presented against Mr. Shokuhi.


No information is available concerning Mr. Shokuhi’s defense.


Mr. Ali Reza Shokuhi was condemned to death and shot by a firing squad on January 1, 1984. The authorities did not disclose the place of his burial to his family. They only guess that he may be interred at the Khavaran cemetery. Mr. Shokuhi wrote in his will (several parts of which had been cut out before it was delivered to his family): “When you receive my belongings [from prison authorities], keep my Seiko watch as something to remember me by. After all, you gave that to me as a gift.”

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