Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Mojtaba Torkashvand


Age: 20
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single


Date of Killing: August 30, 1981
Location of Killing: Kermanshah Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Actively opposing the Islamic Republic; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

News of the execution of Mr. Mojtaba Torkashvand, son of Fathali, along with two others, was published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on August 31, 1981. The Islamic Revolutionary Court of Kermanshah issued an announcement concerning these executions, the defendants' names, and their charges, and the Public Relations Department of the Central Public Prosecutor’s Office released it to the Pars news agency. He is one of the 430 individuals whose names appear on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Andeesheh va Peykar. This list contains the names of those members of the organization who died after the revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed.

Mr. Torkashvand is also one of the 12,028 individuals listed in an addendum to the Mojahed magazine (No 261), published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a "Social imperialist" state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


The charges against Mr. Mojtaba Torkashvand were announced as, “membership in the American group of Peykar, being an active member of this organization, participating and organizing the connections among Hamadan, Kermanshah, and Tehran, and believing in the armed struggle.”

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on Mr. Torkashvand’s defense.


َThe Islamic Revolutionary Court of Kermanshah identified Mr. Torkashvand as “an enemy of God and His People and a corruptor on earth” and condemned him to death. He was executed in Kermanshah on August 30, 1981 at 2 a.m.

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