Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Hojjatollah (Hojjat) Malek (Mansur)


Age: 26
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Unknown


Date of Killing: July 12, 1981
Location of Killing: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Armed rebellion against the Islamic Republic

About this Case

The Public Relations Office of Evin Prison announced the execution of Mr. Hojjatollah Malek (known as Hojjat Mansur), son of Gholam Abbas, and 11 other individuals to the Pars news agency. The news was published in the Kayhan and the Johuri Eslami newspapers on August 5, 1981.

Mr. Malek is one of the 430 individuals whose name appears on the list of “Martyrs of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class” published on the website of Peykar Andeesheh. This list contains the names of those members of the Organization who died after the Revolution of 1979. More than 400 of the individuals on this list have been executed. Moreover, he is mentioned in the Peykar magazine (the main publication of the Peykar Organization), number 115 (Aug. 24, 1981), and number 121 (Oct. 5, 1981).

Additionally, this execution was also announced in the addendum of the Mojahed magazine, No. 261, published by the Mojahedin Khalgh Organization on September 6, 1985. The list includes 12,028 individuals, affiliated with various opposition groups, who were executed or killed during clashes with the Islamic Republic security forces from June 1981 to the publication date of the magazine.

According to Peykar, he was born in Arak in 1955. He graduated technical high school of Arak in 1974, majoring in electronics.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government and splits within Peykar in 1981 and 1982 effectively dismantled the Organization and scattered its supporters. By the mid-1980s, Peykar was no longer in existence.

Arrest and detention

The circumstances of this defendant’s arrest and detention are not known.


No information is available on the defendant’s trial.


Mr. Malek was charged with “armed rebellion” or “armed action against the Islamic Republic,” according to Kayhan and Jomhuri Eslami respectively.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.


No information is available on his defense.


The Central Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal condemned Mr. Hojjatollah Malek to death. According to the Mojahed magazine, he was executed on July 12, 1981. He was 26.

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