Abdorrahman Boroumand Center

for Human Rights in Iran

https://www.iranrights.org
Omid, a memorial in defense of human rights in Iran
One Person’s Story

Ladan Bayani

About

Age: 23
Nationality: Iran
Religion: Non-Believer
Civil Status: Single

Case

Date of Killing: August 29, 1981
Location: Evin Prison, Tehran, Tehran Province, Iran
Mode of Killing: Shooting
Charges: Corruption on earth; War on God, God's Prophet and the deputy of the Twelfth Imam; Plotting to overthrow the Islamic Republic; Counter revolutionary opinion and/or speech

About this Case

An activist and medical student in Tabriz, Ms. Bayani sought to improve the lives of workers and their families.  Her 5-year prison sentence would end early.  

The following information about Ms. Ladan Bayani has been drawn from an interview with her sister and the second volume of the Book of Prison (Noghteh Books, 2001). This execution was also announced in the addendum of the Mojahed magazine, No. 261, published by the Mojahedin Khalq Organization on September 6, 1985, as well as from the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper (August 31, 1981).

Ms. Ladan Bayani, daughter of Mohammad Ali, was born in Rasht on October 29, 1957. She studied medicine at Tabriz University and spent a year studying in Geneva. In Tabriz, she was a student activist and a member of the Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class. Under the previous regime, she was sentenced to five years in prison (January 1977) for her “connections with groups with communist ideologies and for acting against national security,” but she was released after nine months. After the Revolution, she continued her political activities in Peykar, and later in the Red Star group.

The Peykar Organization for the Liberation of the Working Class was founded by a number of dissident members of the Mojahedin Khalq Organization who had converted to Marxism-Leninism. Peykar was also joined by a number of political organizations, known as Khat-e Se (Third line). The founding tenets of Peykar included the rejection of guerrilla struggle and a strong stand against the pro-Soviet policies of the Iranian Tudeh Party. Peykar viewed the Soviet Union as a “Social imperialist” state, believed that China had deviated from the Marxist-Leninist principles, and radically opposed all factions of the Islamic regime of Iran. The Red Star group (Setareh-ye Sorkh), was created by a number of individuals who split from Peykar in 1980 over tactical disagreements. The group was opposed to the Islamic Republic regime, rejected armed struggle, and believed in the fundamental role of organizing the industrial and agricultural labor force, and the student movement. The brutal repression of dissidents by the Iranian government in 1981 caused the dismantling of the Red Star.

Arrest and detention

Ms. Ladan Bayani was arrested by the Revolutionary Guards on June 28, 1981 in a safe house in the west of Tehran (Shahr-e Ziba) along with Akbar Aghbashlu, also from the Red Star, who was executed with her. A neighbor had reportedly become suspicious of the activities in the house and had reported them to the authorities. After the arrest, the house was in complete chaos and a shoe belonging to Akbar was found in the yard.

According to the interviewee, Ms. Bayani was denied the right to be represented by an attorney and was detained incommunicado. Available evidence and witnesses strongly suggest that she was detained at Evin Prison. During Ms. Bayani’s two-month detention, her mother visited various Tehran prisons, including Evin, but was never able to obtain any information on the detention location.

Trial

Ms. Bayani was tried by the Central Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal on August 29, 1981. No further information is available on the trial(s).

Charges

According to the Central Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal’s communiqué published by Jomhuri Eslami newspaper, Ms. Bayani was charged with “plotting and armed rebellion against the Islamic Revolution and defenseless people, being a corruptor on earth, and an enemy of God and God’s prophet.” The same communiqué also mentioned “being an archivist for the Red Star group” among the charges.

The validity of the criminal charges brought against this defendant cannot be ascertained in the absence of the basic guarantees of a fair trial.

Evidence of guilt

The report of this execution does not contain information regarding the evidence provided against the defendant.

Defense

No information is available on Ms. Bayani’s defense.

Judgment

Ms. Bayani was sentenced to death by the Central Islamic Revolutionary Tribunal and executed. The family was not informed of the execution and learned of it from the communiqué published in the Jomhuri Eslami newspaper on August 31, 1981.

According to the interviewee, Ms. Bayani’s mother went to Evin authorities, showed them the newspaper and asked for her daughter’s will. The prison authorities informed her that her daughter had left all her belongings to other prisoners and that they were not aware of her burial place. After extensive searches, Ms. Bayani’s family concluded that she was buried at the Khavaran cemetery, where there is now a stone to commemorate her.

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